SpectraCell Blog

Having problems losing weight? It could be a vitamin K deficiency

Posted by SpectraCell Laboratories, Inc. on Wed, Nov 20, 2013 @ 09:51 AM

Vitamin K is a group of structurally similar, fat-vitamin k
soluble vitamins that th
e human body needs for post translational modification of certain proteins required for blood coagulation, and in metabolic pathways in bone and other tissue.

The primary function of vitamin K is to aid in the formation of clotting factors and bone proteins. It serves as a cofactor in the production of six proteins that regulate blood clotting, including prothrombin. In addition, it helps to form osteocalcin, a protein necessary for the mineralization of bone. Vitamin K also aids in the formation of glucose into glycogen for storage in the liver. In addition, it promotes the prevention and reversal of arterial calcification, plague progression and lipid peroxidation. Deficiency may increase the risk of calcification of arterial walls, particularly in individuals on vitamin D supplementation (Vitamin D promotes calcium absorption). Vitamin K exists in three forms: K1, a natural form found in plants (phylloquinone); K2, which is synthesized in the intestine (menaquinone); and K3, a synthetic form that must be activated in the liver (menadione). Vitamin K is absorbed in the upper small intestines and transported throughout the body in chylomicrons. 

Deficiency Symptoms:

Excessive bleeding, a history of bruising, appearance of ruptured capillaries or menorrhagia (heavy periods) are the most common clinical symptoms of overt vitamin K deficiency, although subclinical deficiency may not affect clotting mechanisms. Due to its critical role in bone formation, long-term vitamin K deficiency may impair bone integrity and growth, eventually predisposing a person to osteoporosis. Antibiotic usage can induce vitamin K deficiency since it upsets the balance of normal intestinal flora. Anticoagulants such as Coumadin and warfarin can also deplete vitamin K by blocking the activation of prothrombin. However, patients on warfarin or other blood anticoagulants should not supplement with vitamin K unless specifically recommended and approved by their physician. Other causes of deficiency include celiac disease, liver disease, certain medications (i.e. aspirin, Dilantin), very high doses of vitamins A and E (over 600 IU) and gastrointestinal disorders associated with the malabsorption of fats, such as bile duct obstruction, pancreatitis or inflammatory bowel disease. 

Download your very own copy of the Nutrient Correlation Chart on Weight Management the Nutrient Chart and an abstract on adult obesity

To find out your micronutrients levels, click here

 

 

Topics: SpectraCell, Vitamin K, Weight Loss, Vitamins, micronutrient test, micronutrient, vitamin deficiencies, Wound Healing

The Role of vitamin E

Posted by SpectraCell Laboratories, Inc. on Wed, Nov 13, 2013 @ 01:58 PM

Vitamin E

Vitamin E is an antioxidant that protects cell membranes and other fat-soluble compounds from oxidative damage by free radicals.

Vitamin E exists in eight chemical forms (alpha-, beta-, gamma-, and delta-tocopherol and alpha-, beta-, gamma-, and delta-tocotrienol) that have varying levels of biological activity. Alpha- (or α-) tocopherol is the only form that is recognized to meet human requirements. Alpha-tocopherol has direct effect on the control of inflammation, red and white blood cell production, connective tissue growth and genetic control of cell division.  Vitamin E acts to reduce free radical damage. 

The principal use of vitamin E is that of an antioxidant.  It helps protects against heart disease, cancer, stroke and neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's.  In addition, alpha-tocopherol supplementation is useful in treating other cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, fibrocystic breast disease, menopause symptoms and tardive dyskinesia.  It may also have applications in Parkinson's Disease and arthritis.  Vitamin E is important to immune function, protecting thymic function and white blood cells from oxidative stress.

Symptoms of vitamin E Deficiency:

  • Nerve damage
  • Muscle weakness
  • Poor coordination
  • Involuntary eye movements
  • Red blood cell fragility 
  • Anemia
  • Retrolental fibroplasia 


Download your very own copy of the Nutrient Deficiency Chart and the Cognitive Function Sheet.

To find out your micronutrients levels, click here

 

Topics: SpectraCell, autoimmune diseases, Vitamin E, Antioxidants, micronutrient test, micronutrient